73rd Anniversary of Hiroshima Bombing: 10 Facts About That Dreadful Day

73 years ago, mankind witnessed the power of the nucleus of an atom. August 6, 1945 was the day when first atom bomb was detonated over the city of Hiroshima, Japan. 17 Nobel Laureates were involved in the manufacture of the bomb in a classified mission: The Manhattan Project. The bombings brought an end to the WWII. Here are 10 lesser known facts about that dreadful day:

1. The US Airforce before dropping the atom bomb, dropped pamphlets in Hiroshima warning people of the bombing. – Source

2. After bombing of Hiroshima, one policeman went to Nagasaki to teach the technique of ducking after the atomic flash. This is why no policeman died of bombing in Nagasaki. Source

3. The Oleander is the official flower of the city because it was the first thing to bloom after the explosion of the nuclear bomb. Source

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4. 12 cyanide pills were kept in the cockpit of the Enola Gay (plane carrying the atom-bomb), and pilots were instructed to take them if the mission was compromised during the bombing of Hiroshima – Source

5. Only 3 of the 12 people on board the Enola Gay actually knew the real purpose of their mission to Hiroshima. – Source

6. On August 6, 1945, Japanese radars tracked a few US planes entering the territory. However they weren’t intercepted as they thought a small number of planes would not pose a threat to the nation.  Source

7. It took Tokyo about 3 hours before they realised Hiroshima had been bombed. – Source

8. The closest known survivor of the Hiroshima atomic blast was in a basement just 170 m from ground zero. – Source

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9. In 1945, a man named Tsutomu Yamaguchi survived the atomic blast at Hiroshima, dragged himself into an air-raid shelter, spent the night there, in the morning caught a train so he could arrive at his job on time in Nagasaki, where he survived another atomic blast. – Source

10. ‘The Flame of Peace’ has burned since 1964 in the honor of victims killed in the atomic bombings and will be extinguished only when there will be no more nuclear weapons and Earth will be free of nuclear threat. Source

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