It has been 71 years since India got independent from the British rule. In these 71 years, the entire face of the nation has changed. India is now the 6th largest economy of the world with a nominal GDP of $2.45 trillion. The country has made a phenomenal progress on the scientific front. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of Government of India, headquartered at Bangalore. On the occasion of the 71st Independence Day, let us have a look at the world records held by ISRO.
1. ISRO Is The First Space Agency To Discover Water On The Moon
ISRO launched its maiden lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, in October 2008. On 18 November 2008, the Moon Impact Probe was released from Chandrayaan-1 at a height of 100 km (62 mi). During its 25-minute descent, Chandra's Altitudinal Composition Explorer (CHACE) recorded evidence of water in 650 mass spectra readings gathered during this time. On 24 September 2009 Science journal reported that the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on Chandrayaan-1 had detected water ice on the Moon. But, on 25 September 2009, ISRO announced that the MIP, another instrument on board Chandrayaan-1, had discovered water on the Moon just before impact and had discovered it 3 months before NASA's M3. The announcement of this discovery was not made until NASA confirmed it.
2. India Is The First Nation Of The World To Successfully Reach Mars In Its First Attempt
India launched its maiden inter-planetary probe, Mangalyaan (Sanskrit word: Mangal means Mars and Yaan means vehicle), on September 24, 2014. Prior to this, no country of the world had a successful mission to Mars in the very first attempt. Despite many technical glitches and difficulties, India's Mangalyaan successfully reached the Red Planet and started orbiting it in the desired orbit. Thus, India became the first nation to successfully reach Mars in its maiden attempt. The total cost of the mission was approximately ₹450 Crore (US$73 million). That's cheaper than the Hollywood movie Interstellar at US $165 million.
3. ISRO Holds The Record Of Launching Maximum Number Of Satellites In One Go
On 15th February 2015, ISRO launched PSLV C37 that successfully carried and deployed a record 104 satellites in sun-synchronous orbits. It broke the earlier record of launching 37 satellites by a Russian Dnepr rocket on 19 June 2014. The primary passenger of PSLV C37 was India's Cartosat-2D. All the satellites were launched in different directions to avoid collisions. With this success, India also showed that it has the capability to launch multiple satellites in different orbits.