Every year, Nobel prizes are awarded to some eminent people for their breakthrough contributions in field of science, literature, economics and social services. But you now what, there is something special about the year 1976! This was the year when America made a clean swipe of Noble Prizes, winning or sharing them in each and every field. So now, lets have a look at what the people of this country did which made them worthy of winning all the Nobel prizes!
Nobel Prize in Economics
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences, informally called the Nobel Prize in Economics is awarded each year for outstanding contributions in field of economics.In 1976, it was awarded to Milton Friedman, an American economist, “for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy”. Friedman’s theory also influenced the Federal Reserve’s response to the global financial crisis of 2007-2008.
Nobel Prize in Literature
The 1976 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Saul Bellow “for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that were combined in his work”. Saul Bellow was a Canadian – American writer and the only one to win the National Book Award for Fiction for three times. He is widely regarded as one of the 20th century’s greatest authors and has had a huge literary influence.
Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Peace prize for 1976 was awarded a year later in 1977, jointly to two American women, Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan, “for their work as founders of Community of Peace People, an organization dedicated to promoting a peaceful resolution to the troubles in Northern Ireland” .In 1976, three innocent children were killed in a shooting incident in Belfast. Betty was an eye witness of this tragedy which completely shook her, so she decided to launch an appeal against the meaningless use of violence in the conflicts between protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland. She was later joined by the dead children’s aunt, Mairead Corrigan, and they together founded their peace organization .
Nobel Prize in Sciences
Chemistry: The Nobel Prize in field of chemical sciences was awarded to William N. Lipscomb “for his studies on the structure of boranes Illuminating the problems of chemical bonding” . Professor Lipscomb was an organic and inorganic chemist from Harvard University and deduced the molecular structure of boranes(compounds of borane and hydrogen) using X-ray crystallography and developed theories to explain their bonds.
Medicine: The 1976 Nobel Prize in the category of medicine or physiology was awarded jointly to Baruch S. Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdusek “for their discoveries concerning new mechanism for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases”. Both the recipients were American physicians. Blumberg got recognized for his work on Hepatitis B virus, while Gajdusek received it for his work on Kuru, the second human prion (related to misfolded proteins) disease demonstrated to be infectious.
Physics: The 1976 Nobel Prize in physical Sciences was equally shared between two professors from USA, Burton Richter and Samuel C.C Ting, “for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of new kind”. Ting was credited for finding what he called the “J” particle, and the same particle as the “psi” particle was found at nearly the same time by Burton Richter. The particle then came to be known as “J/psi” particle. Their discovery not only won them the Nobel Prize, but also helped to confirm the existence of the charmed quark, as the J/psi particle is composed of a charmed quark bound to its antiquark.
Such a rare sweep of Nobel Prizes by a single country has not been seen again after the year 1976.
Amazing! Isn’t it?