Astronomy Events In November 2019

If you are a true astronomy enthusiast, you might have been waiting for this month since the beginning of 2019. An extremely rare astronomical event, the transit of Mercury is going to take place on the 11th day of November. Besides that, let us have a look at the top astronomy events in November 2019.

November 2: Conjunction of moon and saturn

The month will start with a close encounter of the Moon and the Lord of the Rings, Saturn. The Moon and Saturn will share the same right ascension, with the Moon passing 0°35' to the south of Saturn. The Moon will be 5 days old. Look for them in the south west at dusk. Moon will shine bright at mag -11.3 and Saturn at mag 0.4 in the constellation of Sagittarius.

Conjunction of Saturn And Moon On November 2
Saturn and Moon as seen over New Delhi on November 2. The pair will become accessible depending on where you live. (Image: Dominic Ford, In-The-Sky)

The pair will be a little too widely separated to fit comfortably within the field of view of a telescope, but will be visible to the naked eye or through a pair of binoculars.

November 7: Moon at apogee

The Moon will reach the furthest point along its orbit to the Earth and will appear slightly smaller than at other times. As the apogee of 7 November 2019 will occur when the moon is around first quarter phase, it will appear in the evening sky. On this occasion the Moon will recede to a distance of 405,000 km from the Earth and appear with an angular diameter of 29.49 arcsec. This may be compared to its average size of 31.07 arcmin.

Also Read: All the 30 articles of Basics of Astrophysics series

November 11: The transit of mercury

The flagship astronomy event of 2019 - The Transit of Mercury will take place on November 11. Roughly 13–14 times each century, Mercury passes directly in front of the Sun, casting a small black silhouette in front of the solar disk for a few hours. Between those times, the transit will be visible from anywhere on Earth, providing the Sun is above the horizon, including from Africa, the Americas, Europe and French Polynesia. The transit will take place between 12:34 UTC (18:04 IST) and 18:03 UTC (23:33 IST).

Transit of Mercury November 2019 Map
The map showing the visibility of Transit of Mercury (Image Credits: F. Espenak, EclipseWise)

November 12: Full Moon

The Moon will reach full phase. At this time in its monthly cycle of phases, the Moon lies almost directly opposite the Sun in the sky, placing it high above the horizon for much of the night. Over the nights following 12 November, the Moon will rise around an hour later each day, becoming prominent later in the night. Within a few days, it will only be visible in the pre-dawn and early-morning sky. By the time it reaches last quarter, a week after full moon, it will rise at around midnight and set at around noon.

November 18: Leonid Meteor shower

Another one of the most important astronomy events in November 2019, the Leonids meteor shower will peak on the night of 18th. Over this period, there will be a chance of seeing Leonid meteors whenever the shower's radiant point – in the constellation Leo – is above the horizon, with the number of visible meteors increasing the higher the radiant point is in the sky.

At its peak, the shower is expected to produce a nominal rate of around 15 meteors per hour. This assumes perfectly dark skies and optimal viewing conditions. The Moon, in Gemini, will be around last quarter phase at the shower's peak, presenting significant interference in the pre-dawn sky after it rises at 21:19.

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November 23: Moon at perigee

The Moon will reach the closest point along its orbit to the Earth and will appear slightly larger than at other times. As the perigee of 23 November 2019 will occur close to the time of new moon, the moon will appear as no more than a thin crescent. On this occasion the Moon will pass within a distance of 366,000 km of the Earth, and appear with an angular diameter of 32.57 arcsec. This may be compared to its average size of 31.07 arcmin.

November 24: Conjunction of venus and jupiter

Astronomy Events in November 2019 - Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter on November 24
Jupiter and Venus at dusk on November 24 over New Delhi (Image: Dominic Ford, In-The-Sky)

The Roman Goddess of Love will pass within 1°24' of the majestic Jupiter. The pair will become visible after the sunset but it will be difficult to watch them as they will will be low near the horizon. Venus will be at mag -3.9, and Jupiter at mag -1.9, both in the constellation Sagittarius. The pair will be too widely separated to fit within the field of view of a telescope. However, will be visible to the naked eye or through a pair of binoculars.

November 26: New Moon

The Moon will pass close to the Sun and become lost in the Sun's glare for a few days. Over coming days, the Moon will rise and set an hour later each day, becoming visible in the late afternoon and dusk sky as a waxing crescent which sets soon after the Sun. By first quarter, in a week's time, it will be visible until around midnight.

November 28: Close approach of moon and jupiter

Conjunction of Moon and Jupiter on November 28
Conjunction of Moon and Jupiter as seen after sunset from New Delhi (Image: Dominic Ford, In-The-Sky)

The Moon and Jupiter will share the same right ascension, with the Moon passing 0°43' to the north of Jupiter. The Moon will be 2 days old and at mag -9.2. Jupiter will be at mag -1.8. They both will be in the constellation Sagittarius. The pair will be a little too widely separated to fit comfortably within the field of view of a telescope. But will be visible to the naked eye or through a pair of binoculars.

November 30: Close approach of moon and saturn

Astronomy Events in November 2019 - Conjunction of Moon and Saturn on November 30
Conjunction of Moon and Saturn as seen after sunset from New Delhi (Image: Dominic Ford, In-The-Sky)

The month will end in the way it started: Conjunction of Moon and Saturn. The Moon and Saturn will make a close approach, passing within 0°55' of each other. The Moon will be 3 days old. Look for them in south-west after the sunset. The Moon will be at mag -10.4, and Saturn at mag 0.4, both in the constellation Sagittarius. The pair will be a little too widely separated to fit comfortably within the field of view of a telescope, but will be visible to the naked eye or through a pair of binoculars.

So these were the top astronomy events in November 2019. Subscribe us on YouTube for weekly science videos 🙂

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